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Hinkley Point 'A' Power Station

The client:Magnox
Services:Bioremediation, stabilisation, NAPL removal, groundwater treatment, chemical oxidation, demolition, groundworks, radiological monitoring.

The Challenge:

Hinkley Point ‘A’ Site is currently being decommissioned by Magnox. Diesel contamination was discovered in soil and groundwater during site investigations in an area known as an Area of Potential Concern, APC-9. The pollution was thought to have emanated from site operations between 1965-2000 in the location of the former Electrical Diesel Generator Building (EDGB). The contamination was likely to have resulted from a combination of leaks from the various tanks and pipework as well as spillages during filling operations. NAPL was found to be present within the unsaturated shallow soils and on the surface of the groundwater and was a continuing primary source of contamination. NAPL was also identified trapped within the saturated zone beneath mudstone beds sandwiched between fissured limestone beds that dip towards the north of the site. The NAPL was thought to have become trapped when dewatering operations were taking place during the construction of Hinkley Point B (HPB). There was concern that planned dewatering during the construction of the new Hinkley Point C (HPC) could draw the NAPL further north and west of its current location, where it could potentially emerge beneath the foreshore of Bridgwater Bay upon cessation of dewatering.

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The Approach

Cognition was contracted by Magnox to demolish and excavate the Hinkley Point site in order for it to be decontaminated. This was completed by removing underground pipework and infrastructure, as well as removing NAPL. The key elements of these works included;

  • Removal of redundant services and contaminated soil;
  • Ex-situ bioremediation to reduce TPH concentrations in soil;
  • Treatment of soil to enable re-use as fill or disposal as non-hazardous material;
  • Design and installation of an extraction trench using ground support techniques;
  • Installation of collection wells within the trench;
  • Pumping and treatment of water using both electrical skimmers and total fluids pumps;
  • Treatment of groundwater using a modular water treatment plant with a 15m3/hr capacity;
  • TPH testing and discharge of water to surface water sewer;
  • Removal of NAPL with NET unit;
  • Drilling of wells to a maximum depth of 18m bgl across the TPH plume area;
  • Water pumped and treated from a borehole array to clear the NAPL plume.

The Outcome

The project objectives were achieved in full. The water table was temporarily reduced and NAPL removed via pneumatic well pumps. TPH impacted soils were bioremediated to meet re-use/disposal criteria. Upon completion of the works the area was reinstated for continued commercial use. The treatment plant was decommissioned and excavations and extraction trenches backfilled and stabilised to provide a target geotechnical strength to support site vehicles. Cognition also reinstated roads and paths.

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