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Civil Engineering

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Marine Works

Marine Works

Cognition have undertaken a diverse variety of marine works ranging from bathymetric surveys and dredging to demolition and marine installations. We recently completed the decommissioning of a 45m...

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Marine Works

Cognition have undertaken a diverse variety of marine works ranging from bathymetric surveys and dredging to demolition and marine installations. We recently completed the decommissioning of a 45m deep pipeline spanning across the river Thames.

Roads

Roads

Cognition carries out a number of road construction projects per year as part of our civil engineering capabilities or alongside remediation works. We have completed projects such as  road...

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Roads

Cognition carries out a number of road construction projects per year as part of our civil engineering capabilities or alongside remediation works. We have completed projects such as  road schemes for Balfour Beatty in Guildford including deep drainage, curbing, beany blocks, ground improvements to an old landfill, tarmac white lining and street lighting and furniture. Another interesting roadworks project completed recently was relocating a coach park for the O2 in Greenwich which included all of the aspects of the Guildford project with additional diversion of services and concrete retaining walls.

Where possible we look at redesigning as much of the schemes to make them more sustainable.

Drainage

Drainage

Cognition employs its own drainage gangs and carries out a large number of drainage schemes per year alongside enabling, civil and remediation works. Some of the schemes undertaken include pipe...

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Drainage

Cognition employs its own drainage gangs and carries out a large number of drainage schemes per year alongside enabling, civil and remediation works. Some of the schemes undertaken include pipe jacking under a duel carriageway, deep drainage within confined spaces and new build infrastructure.

Concrete structures

Concrete structures

Cognition carry out a wide variety of concrete works from capping beams, foundations, lift shafts, concrete frames and tunnel shafts. We recently completed a 21-metre-deep tunnel shaft as part of...

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Concrete structures

Cognition carry out a wide variety of concrete works from capping beams, foundations, lift shafts, concrete frames and tunnel shafts. We recently completed a 21-metre-deep tunnel shaft as part of the largest bore tunnel in Europe. This involved 24-hour shift working over 7 months. Though some of our works are of typical construction we enjoy working on more complex and difficult structures that many contractors would shy away from. We have a highly motivated, experienced workforce combined with strong technical support from the management team who have years of experience in this field.

Stabilisation and piling mats

Stabilisation and piling mats

Cognition carries out stabilisation to improve and or enhance the geotechnical characteristics and properties of site won materials. The process often involves carrying out trials to select an...

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Stabilisation and piling mats

Cognition carries out stabilisation to improve and or enhance the geotechnical characteristics and properties of site won materials. The process often involves carrying out trials to select an appropriate binder such as cement or lime and optimising the binder concentration to achieve the required strength. Cognition pioneered the application of stabilisation for installation of piling mats to reduce import of aggregate. We also use this process to improve subgrade or replace subbase for roads and hard standings. Stabilisation enables the re-use of significant volumes of site soil materials that might otherwise be disposed off-site to landfill. The stabilised materials have increased strength compared to traditional granular fills and stabilised subbase can negate the need for subbase drainage. An additional advantage of stabilisation is that it can encapsulate soil bound contaminants making them less able to leach into groundwater.

Slope Stability

Slope Stability

Cognition can carry out stability assessments as well as design and install geotechnical solutions to improve slope stability including stabilisation and reinforcement, vegetative walls and gabion...

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Slope Stability

Cognition can carry out stability assessments as well as design and install geotechnical solutions to improve slope stability including stabilisation and reinforcement, vegetative walls and gabion baskets.

Surcharge and land settlement

Surcharge and land settlement

Cognition has designed and delivered a number of site improvement schemes by preloading and surcharging soil prior to development. This type of solution is beneficial where a site is poorly...

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Surcharge and land settlement

Cognition has designed and delivered a number of site improvement schemes by preloading and surcharging soil prior to development. This type of solution is beneficial where a site is poorly compacted or at risk of differential settlement due to varied soil materials within made ground. These schemes often benefit from the installation of vertical band drains and drainage blankets to relieve ground pressure across a site which occurs during surcharging to aid soil consolidation.

Dynamic Compaction

Dynamic Compaction

Cognition uses state of the art dynamic compacting rollers which are capable of compacting soils to depths of 4-5m. These techniques offer rapid solutions for construction sites. As well as being...

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Dynamic Compaction

Cognition uses state of the art dynamic compacting rollers which are capable of compacting soils to depths of 4-5m. These techniques offer rapid solutions for construction sites. As well as being able to focus compactive effort at different depths, the roller can identify soft spots and record soil density across the soil profile. Dynamic compaction can be advantageous where progrmame or logistics prevent a traditional excavation and backfill methodology.

Earthworks

Earthworks

Cognition carry out a large number of earthworks projects involving heavy plant for cut and fill operations. We move approximately 2 million cubic metres per year. As part of these works there is...

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Earthworks

Cognition carry out a large number of earthworks projects involving heavy plant for cut and fill operations. We move approximately 2 million cubic metres per year. As part of these works there is often a huge volume of geotechnical testing, carried out to demonstrate the fill is done correctly and will not pose a risk for long term settlement.

For many years, due to its adverse impact on resources, carbon emissions, the environment and sustainability, material excavation and disposal (“Dig and Dump”) is considered an outdated practice and last resort. Limited landfill capacity, increasing landfill tax, new and emerging remediation technologies, public perception, and an unwillingness to simply move contamination from one place to another are further reasons why the construction industry is rapidly moving away from this out-dated approach to soil management.

At Cognition Land and Water, our aim is to recycle 95% of all excavated materials to minimise waste generation and disposal, adopt a more sustainable approach, and comply with our net zero carbon commitments. An example of this in practice is the work undertaken at Klondyke on the Isle of Sheppey. Here, we excavated, processed, and treated contaminated soils, only removing untreatable deleterious waste to landfill. We also imported clean, naturally occurring soils from other local sites with a surplus to raise the development platform out of the flood plain, thereby diverting these soils from landfill. All of this work was done under a combined Deposit for Recover Environmental Permit and DoWCoP Materials Management Plan.

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Case Studies

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